Scalable Cities is proud to announce the publication of the paper: "Digitalization in Urban Energy Systems. Outlook 2025, 2030 and 2040."
Digitalization is defined as the transformation of a business or industry by using digital technologies to improve its processes. Digital tools can help to integrate and analyse data, underpin more effective and sustainable policymaking and urban planning, provide information and insights, and create benefits for citizens. Specially for urban dense areas, digitalisation can assist to reduce resource demand and improve flexibility to respond to changes.
According to the United Nations, currently 55% of the population lives in cities and this number is expected to increase by 15 percentage points by 2050. Cities still account for 70% of global CO2 emissions, as well as 60-80% of global energy use. For this reason, cities need stronger commitments and ambitions to reach climate neutrality goals. Digitalisation is an opportunity, as only 10% of the data generated is being analysed and applied.
Digitalisation can improve cities' liveability in multiple domains, such as security in streets (e.g. cameras or smart surveillance systems), healthcare and wellbeing (with telemedicine, real-time air quality monitoring, etc.), economic development and housing (e.g. peer-to-peer accommodation platforms), engagement and community (e.g. local connection platforms), and the management and operation of mobility (e.g. smart traffic signals), water (e.g. leakage detection), waste (e.g. optimization of waste collection routes), and energy (e.g. smart buildings, smart street lighting, etc.).
McKinsey’s consultant thinks there are three layers of smartness in a city. The first one is technologies; the second one change of behaviour (physical and social); the last one is intelligence that should be embedded in smart applications and data analysis capabilities (translating data into alerts, services, and tools).
Thus, the research question of this paper is formed as how we can leverage this digital transformation into cities towards effective climate action to contribute to the implementation of the Paris Agreement and also achieve the target of achieving 100 climate neutral cities by 2030.
The publication is a work of a group of experts working as part of the Expert Group - a community of smart cities professionals providing technical advice and support to the Scalable Cities and the European Commission.